Diabetes is a chronic disease and there are three basic types of diabetes which hare as follows as;
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
It occurs when pancreas doesn’t produce insulin at all or too little. It may occur suddenly at any age even when there is no genetic factor involved. His one is the most common type in childhood.
Type 2 Diabetes
It occurs when pancreas doesn’t produce an adequate amount of insulin or the body doesn’t use it in a proper fashion. This situation can go unnoticed for a long time in the affected person. It is more common in overweight persons.
It usually has no symptoms and detection is usually performed after the routine testing from 24th week of pregnancy.
The most common symptoms, which are present in almost all 3 types, are as follows;
1 – Frequent Urination
Since kidneys work harder to filter and absorb excess sugar and the sufferer has to urinate again and again. Because of the blood dilution, diabetic urine is almost colorless.
2 – Thirst
Blood needs to be diluted and it causes thirst. If there is too much sugar to be processed by kidneys, it can generate dehydration, which if severe can cause extreme thirst. If you consume sugary drinks, you get exaggerated thirst.
3 – Blurred Vision
Blurred vision is common, since dehydration affects lens changing its curvature and makes myopia into presbyopia which could have further trouble as hyperopia.
4 – Hunger
The patient has increased appetite that causes unusual hunger owing to considerable loss of essential elements in body.
5 – Sudden Weight Loss
Sudden weight loss indicates the level of seriousness of diabetes and the speed of it growing. Sometimes it is accompanied by pain in stomach and vomiting.
6 – Amenorrhea
Amenorrhea is a common sign in the beginning of diabetes owing to the malnutrition and weight loss.
7 – Tiredness
The patient gets tired quickly before making any hard efforts and thought process is slow.
8 – Skin Issues
There are also frequent infections, especially in skin, gums or bladder. The treated skin in diabetic is not easily dried and flaking. There is usually itching in perineum, which goes until the diabetes is controlled. There may be itching, tingling or numbness in hands and feet.
The patient may also experience the following conditions;
- Lack of sweating
- Low blood pressure
- Rapid heartbeat
- Mouth, skin and dry mucous membranes
- Mood changes
- Fatigue & memory problems
- Transient amnesia
- Sexual potency issues inn men
- In juries, it takes much time to recover.