There’s a good chance you’ve heard of the various health benefits of CBD (Cannabidiol). If you are suffering from chronic pain, anxiety, or stress, taking CBD oil is a suitable supplement to remedy these conditions.
Over the years, the popularity of CBD for medical applications has skyrocketed. If you are considering using CDB for treatment, you may be curious as to how CBD oil is made. Today, we will take a look at the steps involved in the CBD manufacturing process.
How Does the CBD Manufacturing Process Works?
Step 1: Cultivate and Harvest
The first step in the CBD manufacturing process is to cultivate and harvest the plants used in the oil. The CBD oil is extracted from the cannabis plant. Specifically, the plants need to be abundant in CBD, but low in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)–the psychoactive compound that gives cannabis its “elevated” properties.
Most CBD oil products are extracted from hemp. CBD is present in higher quantities in the hemp plant’s seeds, stems, and flowers. Basically, most of the plant’s makeup is dominated by CBD. The harvest process is usually done with a combine harvester.
Step 2: Extraction
After the harvest, the plants are ready for the extraction process. The idea of extraction is to segregate and collect the compounds and oils that are present in hemp.
There are three major ways to extract CBD from hemp:
- Full Spectrum – Also known as the “whole-plant extract” method, full-spectrum extraction is one of the more popular extraction steps (said to be more effective than isolate). The purpose of a full-spectrum extract is to acquire all available compounds from the trichome without changing them. This leaves out undesirable components like waxes, fats, and lipids.
- Isolate – This method ensures that the extracted oil only contains CBD, which means there are no fatty acids or terpenes. The isolated method is utilized by those who don’t want any THC in their oil.
- Supercritical CO2 – The supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) process is perhaps the purest way to extract CBD and is also the most expensive. In this extraction method, the non-toxic fluid CO2 is used as a solvent for extracting the oil. The solvent is regarded as a cleaner, purer form of extraction due to the lack of residue involved in the process.
Step 3: Testing
Testing standards may vary from one manufacturer to the next. Generally, CBD oil will be tested for its reliability and the safety of the cannabinoid content before being made available for consumption. To ensure that consumers will receive safe and reliable CBD oil, companies will typically test for damage, degradation, or contamination in the oil.
Step 4: Decarboxylation
Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that eliminates a certain carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2). In the hemp manufacturing process, it is the heating process that transforms CBD into a highly usable oil form.
Mind the Legalities
When CBD oil is extracted from hemp, it’s considered legal under federal law. However, there’s an FDA hearing that can change the legalities of CBD in most major markets. Educate yourself on the usage of CBD oil for medicinal purposes in your state. The CBD manufacturing process can be complicated, but it’s complicated to ensure your safety and the highest quality product. Manufacturers often go to great lengths to ensure that their CBD oil is both safe and effective when it comes to your medicinal needs.